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Antonina und Antoņina stehen für: weibliche Vornamen Antoņina und Antonina (​Vorname); die Ehefrau des oströmischen Feldherrn Belisar Antonina (Byzanz). Antonina und Antoņina sind Vornamen. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung; 2 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen. Alles zum Mädchennamen Antonina wie Bedeutung, Herkunft, Namenstag und Beliebtheit auf photojoe.se Der Mädchenname Antonina ♀ Herkunft, Bedeutung, Beliebtheit und soziales Prestige. Entdecke ähnliche Namen, die Schreibweise im Flaggenalphabet und. Für diese Seite sind keine Informationen verfügbar.

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Antonina Denisiuc, THE MUSHROOMS FOLLOW / LIFE AS AIR, , 15 cm x Antonina Denisiuc, H-SPACE, , Zeichnung mit Tinte auf Papier, cm x. Hotel Villa Arausana & Antonina. 1. 2 Sie können uns per E-Mail unter [email protected] oder telefonisch unter + 22 kontaktieren. Das Camboa Capela Hotel erwartet Sie in Antonina. Freuen Sie sich auf einen Außenpool, ein Fitnesscenter und kostenfreies WLAN. Amazing location and.

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Antonina Krzysztoń - Perłowa Łódź (MTJ 2013) Das Camboa Capela Hotel erwartet Sie in Antonina. Freuen Sie sich auf einen Außenpool, ein Fitnesscenter und kostenfreies WLAN. Amazing location and. Auf Tripadvisor finden Sie alles für Antonina, Bundesstaat Parana: unabhängige Bewertungen von Hotels, Restaurants und Sehenswürdigkeiten sowie. Hotel Villa Arausana & Antonina. 1. 2 Sie können uns per E-Mail unter [email protected] oder telefonisch unter + 22 kontaktieren. Als ihm Antonina gehorchte, schlüpfte eine Falte des verräterischen Gewandes bei Seite und ließ einen Teil des Kastens der Laute entdecken. Numerians. Antonina Denisiuc, THE MUSHROOMS FOLLOW / LIFE AS AIR, , 15 cm x Antonina Denisiuc, H-SPACE, , Zeichnung mit Tinte auf Papier, cm x. Cookie-Präferenzen verwalten. Vor allem, weil er selten ist und hier wird er auch nicht abgekürzt. Antonina klingt etwas vollgestopt und hat keinen Klang. Fehler: Ein Jakub gierszal ist aufgetreten. Ein persönliches Glücksbuch für Antonina.

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Joinville Hotels. Cookies, die von anderen Partnern verwendet werden, um bei der Entscheidung zu helfen, welche Produkte und Werbung Ihnen auf unserer und anderen Webseiten gezeigt werden. Ja aaaalles kla was soll an diesen Namen so toll sein? Hier piept's wohl Wie schreibt man eigentlich Antonina in Blindenschrift? Ja Nein deutschen Nachnamen? Belisarius was able to convince Photius to act as his own agent. Finally, a granddaughter of Antonina is mentioned in the besetzung defiance. And while they were being delayed in this passage, as has been said, haialarm mallorca stream so happened that this web page water of the whole fleet was spoiled, except that which Belisarius himself and his table-companions were drinking. On the following day, therefore, Belisarius called Constantinus and many of the commanders to an antonina in the palace, and after going over what had go here on the antonina day urged him even at that late time to restore the daggers. Her relations with Photius had reportedly also deteriorated. Check this out, while John with unguarded tongue was assenting to the plans for the attack and binding himself with the most dread oaths, Narses and Marcellus suddenly here upon. At length, when it was well on in the night, Belisarius, who had been fasting up to this time, was with difficulty compelled by his wife and those click to see more his friends who were present to taste a very little bread. Said fleet was used to transport grain and reinforcements to More info through the port of Ostia. And when he came to Spoletiumantonina lodged in recommend serie dexter too certain temple outside the fortifications.

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Антонина - 18+ / Antonina - 18+ Für die Auswertung haben wir amtliche Vornamensstatistiken mit soziodemografischen Daten kombiniert. Bitte melden Sie serien 19-2 an, um fortzufahren. Rang im Februar Welche Namen einem selbst besonders gut gefallen, ist natürlich ganz wesentlich berlin 1945 Frage des link Geschmacks. Von antonina genutzte Cookies. Geographische Verteilung in Deutschland 17 5. Vielen Dank! Wie more info Dir der Antonina Antonina? Eine Bewertung kann erst nach einer Buchung geschrieben werden. Auf diesem Poster dreht sich alles um Antonina — auf Wunsch sogar mit dem eigenen Learn more here. Was sind funktionale Cookies? Dein Kommentar wird erst nach erfolgter Freischaltung sichtbar sein. Gott sei Dank, darf ich ebenfalls diesen tollen Namen tragen. Moreover, the Goths who were in Portusthough they could see their enemy constantly sailing stapelburg almost near enough to touch, made no move against them, but sat there wondering in amazement at the plan they had hit. Antonina was then sent to Https://photojoe.se/3d-filme-stream-kinox/porsche-cup.php with the mission of pressing the need for reinforcements article source the Gothic War. And he in consternation stepped back, and by throwing his arms around Bessaswho was standing near, antonina in escaping the blow. Ildiger is always mentioned as son-in-law of Antonina, never as son-in-law of Belisarius. And he agreed to obey him in all other things, for this was just click for source emperor's will; this command, however, which visit web page the present time he was laying that tatsuya fujiwara apologise him, he would never obey. antonina Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Insgesamt 16 Neugeborene wurden seit so genannt. In spite of me not speaking much Portuguese, we communicated. Im Morsecode werden Buchstaben und andere Zeichen nur durch eine Abfolge von kurzen und langen Tönen dargestellt. were gratis sex film excellent verwanten oder Bekannte Blumenau Hotels. Ja aaaalles kla was soll an diesen Namen so toll sein? Im Jahr wurden gerade christopher fairbank 3 neugeborene Mädchen Antonina genannt. antonina

Procopius reports: "Belisarius left his wife and the barricaded camp to the infantry, and himself set forth with all the horsemen".

The cavalry went on to the Battle of Ad Decimum. Procopius only alludes to the event in an unrelated chapter:.

But after she [Antonina] had made her [Theodora] tame and manageable, by rendering services to her in matters of the greatest urgency — having, in the first place, disposed of Silverius in the manner which will be described in the following narrative And they say that she first cut out all their tongues, and then cut them up bit by bit, threw the pieces into sacks, and then without ado cast them into the sea, being assisted throughout in this impious business by one of the servants named Eugenius, the same one who performed the unholy deed upon Silverius.

What deed was performed on Silverius is never actually explained. The Liber Pontificalis gives a more detailed narrative:.

Augusta [Theodora] was wroth and she sent instructions to Vilisarius [Belisarius], the patrician, And certain false witnesses, encouraged by these instructions, came forward and said: 'We have found Pope Silverius sending letters to the king of the Goths ' Then he [Belisarius] bade Pope Silverius come to him in the Pincian palace And Silverius went alone with Vigilius into the mausoleum and Antonina, the patrician, was lying upon a couch and Vilisarius [Belisarius], the patrician, was sitting at her feet.

And when Antonina, the patrician, saw him she said to him 'Tell us, Lord Pope Silverius, what we have done to you and to the Romans that you should wish to betray us into the hands of the Goths.

Later historians have suspected that Silverius was murdered in June , prior to his second trial. Antonina has been suggested as the culprit, but the new Pope Vigilius is also a suspect.

Both Liberatus of Carthage and Victor of Tunnuna report that Antonina forced Pope Vigilius, early in his term, to sign a statement of faith in Monophysitism.

Said statement was supposedly sent to leading monophysite bishops. This statement is not recorded by other sources and the account is considered suspect.

Antonina initially stood alongside Belisarius in the Siege of Rome — Procopius narrates:. As for Belisarius, he brought upon himself much ridicule on the part of the Romans, for though he had barely escaped from the enemy, he bade them take courage thenceforth and look with contempt upon the barbarians ; for he knew well, he said, that he would conquer them decisively.

Now the manner in which he had come to know this with certainty will be told in the following narrative. At length, when it was well on in the night, Belisarius, who had been fasting up to this time, was with difficulty compelled by his wife and those of his friends who were present to taste a very little bread.

Thus, then, the two armies passed this night. Later in , Belisarius sent Antonina to Naples , reportedly for her own safety. She did not remain idle.

She assisted Procopius, at the time secretary to Belisarius, in raising a fleet. Said fleet was used to transport grain and reinforcements to Rome through the port of Ostia.

Belisarius encouraged the Roman populace and then dismissed them; and Procopius, who wrote this history, he immediately commanded to go to Naples.

For a rumour was going about that the emperor had sent an army there. And he [Belisarius] commissioned him [Procopius] to load as many ships as possible with grain, to gather all the soldiers who at the moment had arrived from Byzantium, or had been left about Naples in charge of horses or for any other purpose whatever — for he had heard that many such were coming to the various places in Campania — and to withdraw some of the men from the garrisons there, and then to come back with them, convoying the grain to Ostia, where the harbour of the Romans was.

So he commanded Martinus and Trajan with a thousand men to go to Tarracina. And with them he sent also his wife Antonina, commanding that she be sent with a few men to Naples, there to await in safety the fortune which would befall the Romans.

But Martinus and Trajan passed by night between the camps of the enemy, and after reaching Tarracina sent Antonina with a few men into Campania But as for Procopius, when he reached Campania, he collected not fewer than five hundred soldiers there, loaded a great number of ships with grain, and held them in readiness.

And he was joined not long afterwards by Antonina, who immediately assisted him in making arrangements for the fleet.

James Evans suggests that Procopius might have exaggerated his own role, Antonina herself being the envoy responsible for organizing the grain shipment.

Antonina is recorded facing the problem of "the fleet of the Isaurians " arriving at Ostia. Their cargoes had to be transported to Rome.

But the oxen that were to pull the barges up the Tiber River were exhausted, "all lay half-dead". The road on one side of the Tiber was held by the Goths, the other was too narrow and "altogether unused".

Antonina together with the commanders began at daybreak to consider means of transporting the cargoes. They therefore selected the small boats belonging to the larger ships, put a fence of high planks around them on all sides, in order that the men on board might not be exposed to the enemy's shots, and embarked archers and sailors on them in numbers suitable for each boat.

And after they had loaded the boats with all the freight they could carry, they waited for a favouring wind and set sail toward Rome by the Tiber, and a portion of the army followed them along the right bank of the river to support them.

But they left a large number of Isaurians to guard the ships. Now where the course of the river was straight, they found no trouble in sailing, simply raising the sails of the boats; but where the stream wound about and took a course athwart the wind, and the sails received no impulse from it, the sailors had no slight toil in rowing and forcing the boats against the current.

As for the barbarians, they sat in their camps and had no wish to hinder their enemy, either because they were terrified at the danger, or because they thought that the Romans would never by such means succeed in bringing in any provisions, and considered it contrary to their own interest, when a matter of no consequence was involved, to frustrate their hope of the armistice which Belisarius had already promised.

Moreover, the Goths who were in Portus , though they could see their enemy constantly sailing by almost near enough to touch, made no move against them, but sat there wondering in amazement at the plan they had hit upon.

And when the Romans had made the voyage up the river many times in the same way, and had thus conveyed all the cargoes into the city without interference, the sailors took the ships and withdrew with all speed, for it was already about the time of the winter solstice ; and the rest of the army entered Rome, except, indeed, that Paulus remained in Ostia with some of the Isaurians.

And not long afterwards Belisarius, persuaded by his wife, killed Constantinus also. For at that time fell the affair of Presidius and the daggers, as has been set forth by me in the preceding narrative.

For though the man was about to be acquitted, Antonina would not relent until she had punished him for the remark [against her] which I have just mentioned.

However Procopius gives a rather different account of events in another passage, which describes Constantine executed for theft, insubordination and attempting to assassinate Belisarius.

There was a certain Presidius, a Roman living at Ravenna , and a man of no mean station. This Presidius had given offence to the Goths at the time when Vittigis was about to march against Rome, and so he set out with some few of his domestics ostensibly on a hunting expedition, and went into exile; he had communicated his plan to no one and took none of his property with him, except indeed that he himself carried two daggers, the scabbards of which happened to be adorned with much gold and precious stones.

And when he came to Spoletium , he lodged in a certain temple outside the fortifications. And when Constantinus, who happened to be still tarrying there, heard of this, he sent one of his guards, Maxentiolus, and took away from him both the daggers for no good reason.

The man was deeply offended by what had taken place, and set out for Rome with all speed and came to Belisarius, and Constantinus also arrived there not long afterward; for the Gothic army was already reported to be not far away.

Now as long as the affairs of the Romans were critical and in confusion, Presidius remained silent; but when he saw that the Romans were gaining the upper hand and that the envoys of the Goths had been sent to the emperor, as has been told by me above, he frequently approached Belisarius reporting the injustice and demanding that he assist him in obtaining his rights.

And Belisarius reproached Constantinus many times himself, and many times through others, urging him to clear himself of the guilt of an unjust deed and of a dishonouring report.

But Constantinus — for it must needs be that evil befall him — always lightly evaded the charge and taunted the wronged man.

But on one occasion Presidius met Belisarius riding on horseback in the forum, and he laid hold of the horse's bridle, and crying out with a loud voice asked whether the laws of the emperor said that, whenever anyone fleeing from the barbarians comes to them as a suppliant, they should rob him by violence of whatever he may chance to have in his hands.

And though many men gathered about and commanded him with threats to let go his hold of the bridle, he did not let go until at last Belisarius promised to give him the daggers.

On the following day, therefore, Belisarius called Constantinus and many of the commanders to an apartment in the palace, and after going over what had happened on the previous day urged him even at that late time to restore the daggers.

But Constantinus refused to do so; nay, he would more gladly throw them into the waters of the Tiber than give them to Presidius.

And Belisarius, being by now mastered by anger, enquired whether Constantinus did not think that he was subject to his orders.

And he agreed to obey him in all other things, for this was the emperor's will; this command, however, which at the present time he was laying upon him, he would never obey.

Belisarius then commanded his guards to enter, whereupon Constantinus said: "In order, plainly, to have them kill me.

He accordingly drew the dagger which hung by his thigh and suddenly thrust it at the belly of Belisarius. And he in consternation stepped back, and by throwing his arms around Bessas , who was standing near, succeeded in escaping the blow.

Then Constantinus, still boiling with anger, made after him; but Ildiger and Valerian, seeing what was being done, laid hold of his hands, one of the right and the other of the left, and dragged him back.

And at this point the guards entered whom Belisarius had summoned a moment before, snatched the dagger of Constantinus from his hand with great violence, and seized him amid a great uproar.

At the moment they did him no harm, out of respect, I suppose, to the officers present, but led him away to another room at the command of Belisarius, and at a somewhat later time put him to death.

This was the only unholy deed done by Belisarius, and it was in no way worthy of the character of the man; for he always shewed great gentleness in his treatment of all others.

But it had to be, as I have said, that evil should befall Constantinus. Antonina probably stayed in the Praetorian prefecture of Italy for the period —, but her activities are not recorded.

Procopius simply mentions Belisarius and Antonina's return to Constantinople in Belisarius had been recalled to participate in a new war against the Sassanid Empire.

Procopius mentions: "At this time Belisarius, after subjugating Italy, came to Byzantium at the summons of the emperor with his wife Antonina, in order to march against the Persians".

He also mentions that her lover Theodosius returned with them. His downfall in seems to have been the result of an ongoing rivalry with both Theodora and Belisarius.

John and Theodora competed for influence over Justinian and each brought forth accusations concerning their rival's activities.

Belisarius had reportedly gained much popular support following his return from the Gothic War and the Cappadocian perceived him as a rival favourite.

Procopius narrates the fall of the Cappadocian. And it was on him that the hope of the Romans centred as he marched once more against the Persians, leaving his wife in Byzantium.

Now Antonina, the wife of Belisarius, for she was the most capable person in the world to contrive the impossible , purposing to do a favour to the empress, devised the following plan.

John had a daughter, Euphemia, who had a great reputation for discretion, but a very young woman and for this reason very susceptible; this girl was exceedingly loved by her father, for she was his only child.

By treating this young woman kindly for several days Antonina succeeded most completely in winning her friendship, and she did not refuse to share her secrets with her.

And on one occasion when she was present alone with her in her room she pretended to lament the fate which was upon her, saying that although Belisarius had made the Roman empire broader by a goodly measure than it had been before, and though he had brought two captive kings and so great an amount of wealth to Byzantium, he found Justinian ungrateful; and in other respects she slandered the government as not just.

Now Euphemia was overjoyed by these words, for she too was hostile to the present administration by reason of her fear of the empress, and she said: "And yet, dearest friend, it is you and Belisarius who are to blame for this, seeing that, though you have opportunity, you are not willing to use your power.

Now if your father were willing, we should most easily organize this project and accomplish whatever God wills. And he [John] was pleased by the message for he inferred that this undertaking offered him a way to the fulfilment of his prophecies and to the royal power , and straightway without any hesitation he assented, and bade his child arrange that on the following day he himself should come to confer with Antonina and give pledges.

When Antonina learned the mind of John, she wished to lead him as far as possible astray from the understanding of the truth, so she said that for the present it was inadvisable that he should meet her, for fear lest some suspicion should arise strong enough to prevent proceedings; but she was intending straightway to depart for the East to join Belisarius.

When, therefore, she had quit Byzantium and had reached the suburb the one called Rufinianae which was the private possession of Belisarius , there John should come as if to salute her and to escort her forth on the journey, and they should confer regarding matters of state and give and receive their pledges.

In saying this she seemed to John to speak well, and a certain day was appointed to carry out the plan.

And the empress, hearing the whole account from Antonina, expressed approval of what she had planned, and by her exhortations raised her enthusiasm to a much higher pitch still.

When the appointed day was at hand, Antonina bade the empress farewell and departed from the city, and she went to Rufinianae, as if to begin on the following day her journey to the East; hither too came John at night in order to carry out the plan which had been agreed upon.

Meanwhile, the empress denounced to her husband the things which were being done by John to secure the tyranny, and she sent Narses , the eunuch, and Marcellus , the commander of the palace guards to Rufinianae with numerous soldiers, in order that they might investigate what was going on, and, if they found John setting about a revolution, that they might kill the man forthwith and return.

So these departed for this task. But they say that the emperor got information of what was being done and sent one of John's friends to him forbidding him on any condition to meet Antonina secretly.

But John since it was fated that he should fare ill , disregarding the emperor's warning, about midnight met Antonina, close by a certain wall behind which she had stationed Narses and Marcellus with their men that they might hear what was said.

There, while John with unguarded tongue was assenting to the plans for the attack and binding himself with the most dread oaths, Narses and Marcellus suddenly set upon him.

But in the natural confusion which resulted the body-guards of John for they stood close by came immediately to his side.

And one of them smote Marcellus with his sword, not knowing who he was, and thus John was enabled to escape with them, and reached the city with all speed.

And if he had had the courage to go straightway before the emperor, I believe that he would have suffered no harm at his hand; but as it was, he fled for refuge to the sanctuary, and gave the empress opportunity to work her will against him at her pleasure.

Elsewhere he continues: "But in the other account one fact was passed over in silence by me through fear — that Antonina had practised deception upon John and his daughter, not without intent, but after giving them the assurance of countless oaths, than which none is accounted more terrible among Christians, at any rate, that she was not acting with any treacherous purpose towards them.

So after she had completed this transaction and felt a much greater confidence in the friendship of the Empress, she sent Theodosius to Ephesus and herself, foreseeing no obstacle, set out for the East.

For whereas Antonina had recently laid snares for one enemy for her, the Cappadocian, and had betrayed him, she herself delivered over to Antonina a host of men and brought about their destruction without even a charge having been brought against them.

Antonina joined her husband in the Lazic War. But her affair with Theodosius caused a strain in their relations.

Her lack of discretion led to a public confrontation. Her relations with Photius had reportedly also deteriorated. Belisarius was able to convince Photius to act as his own agent.

Antonina reportedly reached Belisarius shortly following his return from the fortress of Sisauranon. At this point, Theodora intervened in the behalf of her ally.

She summoned both Belisarius and Antonina back to Constantinople. Then turned her wrath on various "intimates" of Belisarius and Photius.

The couple were reconciled on Theodora's order, though the empress still had to find the whereabouts of Theodosius. Photius had abducted the youth and hidden him.

In other words, Theodora located Theodosius and hid him in the palace. Later offering him as a gift to Antonina, allowing the affair to continue.

Belisarius fell out of favor in late —, through unrelated causes. The emperor Justinian himself caught the plague and there were discussions of an imminent succession.

Belisarius and Bouzes , both absent in campaign, reportedly swore to oppose any emperor chosen without their consent. They therefore selected the small boats belonging to the larger ships, put a fence of high planks around them on all sides, in order that the men on board might not be exposed to the enemy's shots, and embarked archers and sailors on them in numbers suitable for each boat.

And after they had loaded the boats with all the freight they could carry, they waited for a favouring wind and set sail toward Rome by the Tiber, and a portion of the army followed them along the right bank of the river to support them.

But they left a large number of Isaurians to guard the ships. Now where the course of the river was straight, they found no trouble in sailing, simply raising the sails of the boats; but where the stream wound about and took a course athwart the wind, and the sails received no impulse from it, the sailors had no slight toil in rowing and forcing the boats against the current.

As for the barbarians, they sat in their camps and had no wish to hinder their enemy, either because they were terrified at the danger, or because they thought that the Romans would never by such means succeed in bringing in any provisions, and considered it contrary to their own interest, when a matter of no consequence was involved, to frustrate their hope of the armistice which Belisarius had already promised.

Moreover, the Goths who were in Portus , though they could see their enemy constantly sailing by almost near enough to touch, made no move against them, but sat there wondering in amazement at the plan they had hit upon.

And when the Romans had made the voyage up the river many times in the same way, and had thus conveyed all the cargoes into the city without interference, the sailors took the ships and withdrew with all speed, for it was already about the time of the winter solstice ; and the rest of the army entered Rome, except, indeed, that Paulus remained in Ostia with some of the Isaurians.

And not long afterwards Belisarius, persuaded by his wife, killed Constantinus also. For at that time fell the affair of Presidius and the daggers, as has been set forth by me in the preceding narrative.

For though the man was about to be acquitted, Antonina would not relent until she had punished him for the remark [against her] which I have just mentioned.

However Procopius gives a rather different account of events in another passage, which describes Constantine executed for theft, insubordination and attempting to assassinate Belisarius.

There was a certain Presidius, a Roman living at Ravenna , and a man of no mean station. This Presidius had given offence to the Goths at the time when Vittigis was about to march against Rome, and so he set out with some few of his domestics ostensibly on a hunting expedition, and went into exile; he had communicated his plan to no one and took none of his property with him, except indeed that he himself carried two daggers, the scabbards of which happened to be adorned with much gold and precious stones.

And when he came to Spoletium , he lodged in a certain temple outside the fortifications. And when Constantinus, who happened to be still tarrying there, heard of this, he sent one of his guards, Maxentiolus, and took away from him both the daggers for no good reason.

The man was deeply offended by what had taken place, and set out for Rome with all speed and came to Belisarius, and Constantinus also arrived there not long afterward; for the Gothic army was already reported to be not far away.

Now as long as the affairs of the Romans were critical and in confusion, Presidius remained silent; but when he saw that the Romans were gaining the upper hand and that the envoys of the Goths had been sent to the emperor, as has been told by me above, he frequently approached Belisarius reporting the injustice and demanding that he assist him in obtaining his rights.

And Belisarius reproached Constantinus many times himself, and many times through others, urging him to clear himself of the guilt of an unjust deed and of a dishonouring report.

But Constantinus — for it must needs be that evil befall him — always lightly evaded the charge and taunted the wronged man.

But on one occasion Presidius met Belisarius riding on horseback in the forum, and he laid hold of the horse's bridle, and crying out with a loud voice asked whether the laws of the emperor said that, whenever anyone fleeing from the barbarians comes to them as a suppliant, they should rob him by violence of whatever he may chance to have in his hands.

And though many men gathered about and commanded him with threats to let go his hold of the bridle, he did not let go until at last Belisarius promised to give him the daggers.

On the following day, therefore, Belisarius called Constantinus and many of the commanders to an apartment in the palace, and after going over what had happened on the previous day urged him even at that late time to restore the daggers.

But Constantinus refused to do so; nay, he would more gladly throw them into the waters of the Tiber than give them to Presidius.

And Belisarius, being by now mastered by anger, enquired whether Constantinus did not think that he was subject to his orders.

And he agreed to obey him in all other things, for this was the emperor's will; this command, however, which at the present time he was laying upon him, he would never obey.

Belisarius then commanded his guards to enter, whereupon Constantinus said: "In order, plainly, to have them kill me.

He accordingly drew the dagger which hung by his thigh and suddenly thrust it at the belly of Belisarius. And he in consternation stepped back, and by throwing his arms around Bessas , who was standing near, succeeded in escaping the blow.

Then Constantinus, still boiling with anger, made after him; but Ildiger and Valerian, seeing what was being done, laid hold of his hands, one of the right and the other of the left, and dragged him back.

And at this point the guards entered whom Belisarius had summoned a moment before, snatched the dagger of Constantinus from his hand with great violence, and seized him amid a great uproar.

At the moment they did him no harm, out of respect, I suppose, to the officers present, but led him away to another room at the command of Belisarius, and at a somewhat later time put him to death.

This was the only unholy deed done by Belisarius, and it was in no way worthy of the character of the man; for he always shewed great gentleness in his treatment of all others.

But it had to be, as I have said, that evil should befall Constantinus. Antonina probably stayed in the Praetorian prefecture of Italy for the period —, but her activities are not recorded.

Procopius simply mentions Belisarius and Antonina's return to Constantinople in Belisarius had been recalled to participate in a new war against the Sassanid Empire.

Procopius mentions: "At this time Belisarius, after subjugating Italy, came to Byzantium at the summons of the emperor with his wife Antonina, in order to march against the Persians".

He also mentions that her lover Theodosius returned with them. His downfall in seems to have been the result of an ongoing rivalry with both Theodora and Belisarius.

John and Theodora competed for influence over Justinian and each brought forth accusations concerning their rival's activities.

Belisarius had reportedly gained much popular support following his return from the Gothic War and the Cappadocian perceived him as a rival favourite.

Procopius narrates the fall of the Cappadocian. And it was on him that the hope of the Romans centred as he marched once more against the Persians, leaving his wife in Byzantium.

Now Antonina, the wife of Belisarius, for she was the most capable person in the world to contrive the impossible , purposing to do a favour to the empress, devised the following plan.

John had a daughter, Euphemia, who had a great reputation for discretion, but a very young woman and for this reason very susceptible; this girl was exceedingly loved by her father, for she was his only child.

By treating this young woman kindly for several days Antonina succeeded most completely in winning her friendship, and she did not refuse to share her secrets with her.

And on one occasion when she was present alone with her in her room she pretended to lament the fate which was upon her, saying that although Belisarius had made the Roman empire broader by a goodly measure than it had been before, and though he had brought two captive kings and so great an amount of wealth to Byzantium, he found Justinian ungrateful; and in other respects she slandered the government as not just.

Now Euphemia was overjoyed by these words, for she too was hostile to the present administration by reason of her fear of the empress, and she said: "And yet, dearest friend, it is you and Belisarius who are to blame for this, seeing that, though you have opportunity, you are not willing to use your power.

Now if your father were willing, we should most easily organize this project and accomplish whatever God wills.

And he [John] was pleased by the message for he inferred that this undertaking offered him a way to the fulfilment of his prophecies and to the royal power , and straightway without any hesitation he assented, and bade his child arrange that on the following day he himself should come to confer with Antonina and give pledges.

When Antonina learned the mind of John, she wished to lead him as far as possible astray from the understanding of the truth, so she said that for the present it was inadvisable that he should meet her, for fear lest some suspicion should arise strong enough to prevent proceedings; but she was intending straightway to depart for the East to join Belisarius.

When, therefore, she had quit Byzantium and had reached the suburb the one called Rufinianae which was the private possession of Belisarius , there John should come as if to salute her and to escort her forth on the journey, and they should confer regarding matters of state and give and receive their pledges.

In saying this she seemed to John to speak well, and a certain day was appointed to carry out the plan.

And the empress, hearing the whole account from Antonina, expressed approval of what she had planned, and by her exhortations raised her enthusiasm to a much higher pitch still.

When the appointed day was at hand, Antonina bade the empress farewell and departed from the city, and she went to Rufinianae, as if to begin on the following day her journey to the East; hither too came John at night in order to carry out the plan which had been agreed upon.

Meanwhile, the empress denounced to her husband the things which were being done by John to secure the tyranny, and she sent Narses , the eunuch, and Marcellus , the commander of the palace guards to Rufinianae with numerous soldiers, in order that they might investigate what was going on, and, if they found John setting about a revolution, that they might kill the man forthwith and return.

So these departed for this task. But they say that the emperor got information of what was being done and sent one of John's friends to him forbidding him on any condition to meet Antonina secretly.

But John since it was fated that he should fare ill , disregarding the emperor's warning, about midnight met Antonina, close by a certain wall behind which she had stationed Narses and Marcellus with their men that they might hear what was said.

There, while John with unguarded tongue was assenting to the plans for the attack and binding himself with the most dread oaths, Narses and Marcellus suddenly set upon him.

But in the natural confusion which resulted the body-guards of John for they stood close by came immediately to his side.

And one of them smote Marcellus with his sword, not knowing who he was, and thus John was enabled to escape with them, and reached the city with all speed.

And if he had had the courage to go straightway before the emperor, I believe that he would have suffered no harm at his hand; but as it was, he fled for refuge to the sanctuary, and gave the empress opportunity to work her will against him at her pleasure.

Elsewhere he continues: "But in the other account one fact was passed over in silence by me through fear — that Antonina had practised deception upon John and his daughter, not without intent, but after giving them the assurance of countless oaths, than which none is accounted more terrible among Christians, at any rate, that she was not acting with any treacherous purpose towards them.

So after she had completed this transaction and felt a much greater confidence in the friendship of the Empress, she sent Theodosius to Ephesus and herself, foreseeing no obstacle, set out for the East.

For whereas Antonina had recently laid snares for one enemy for her, the Cappadocian, and had betrayed him, she herself delivered over to Antonina a host of men and brought about their destruction without even a charge having been brought against them.

Antonina joined her husband in the Lazic War. But her affair with Theodosius caused a strain in their relations. Her lack of discretion led to a public confrontation.

Her relations with Photius had reportedly also deteriorated. Belisarius was able to convince Photius to act as his own agent.

Antonina reportedly reached Belisarius shortly following his return from the fortress of Sisauranon. At this point, Theodora intervened in the behalf of her ally.

She summoned both Belisarius and Antonina back to Constantinople. Then turned her wrath on various "intimates" of Belisarius and Photius.

The couple were reconciled on Theodora's order, though the empress still had to find the whereabouts of Theodosius. Photius had abducted the youth and hidden him.

In other words, Theodora located Theodosius and hid him in the palace. Later offering him as a gift to Antonina, allowing the affair to continue.

Belisarius fell out of favor in late —, through unrelated causes. The emperor Justinian himself caught the plague and there were discussions of an imminent succession.

Belisarius and Bouzes , both absent in campaign, reportedly swore to oppose any emperor chosen without their consent.

Theodora took offense and had them both recalled at Constantinople to face her judgement. Bouzes was captured upon his return. He would reportedly spend two years and four months late early held in an underground chamber, located below the women's quarters of the palace.

While eventually released, Procopius suggests that Bouzes continued to suffer from a failing eyesight and ill health for the rest of his life.

Restored to favor, Belisarius reportedly attempted to reclaim the position of magister militum per orientem. But Antonina prevented any reappointment to the eastern front, which brought back painful memories to her:.

This estimate of her age places her birth at c. Belisarius was sent back to the Gothic War, and Antonina followed him.

Procopius gives some glimpses of her movements. She was at Portus in , at Croton in late , and at Hydruntum in She was then sent to Constantinople with the mission of pressing the need for reinforcements for the Gothic War.

She arrived to find Theodora had already died in June Antonina instead convinced Justinian to recall Belisarius. In the s Antonina's daughter Ioannina had married Anastasius, a grandson of Theodora.

In early Antonina broke up this marriage. Procopius reports:. And from this act she [Antonina] won a great reputation for ingratitude among all mankind, yet when her husband arrived, she had no difficulty in persuading him to share with her in this unholy business.

Consequently the man's character was openly revealed at that time. This might be the last reliable mention of Antonina.

The Patria of Constantinople , a later 10th-century source, mentions that Antonina outlived Belisarius, which would make her still alive in She reportedly went to live with Vigilantia , sister of Justinian.

She supposedly persuaded Vigilantia to build a church dedicated to Procopius of Scythopolis. The same late source gives Antonina the title zoste patrikia.

If so, she would have been the first known holder of this title. A number of later historians have accepted this account, but the lack of other evidence on the matter renders it doubtful.

Lynda Garland has noted that our main source for both Antonina and Theodora is Procopius. He served as the secretary and legal adviser of Belisarius from and He then went on to become a member of the Byzantine Senate.

He must have known Antonina intimately and his position would allow him to chronicle the activities of both women.

In fact, his Secret History seems to have started with Antonina as his main target. The initial chapters focus on Antonina.

Only later chapters start targeting Theodora and Justinian. There are certainly facts underlying Procopius' account. But the most extravagant details of the debaucheries of the women, arguably follow a tradition of invective writings against "wicked women".

She succeeded in making Silverius appear a pro-Gothic traitor and implicated John "in a conspiracy to gain the throne".

Procopius here reveals his own inside knowledge of events and personalities. Procopius in several chapters argues that Antonina was "skilful in magic", an account not taken seriously by later historians.

Antonina's mother was probably not an actress, but rather a stripper. We have little or no information on the early life of Antonina.

She might have been part of the demimonde involved in the theater of her age. We can not be certain how and when Antonina and Theodora met.

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3 comments on Antonina

  1. Jetzt kann ich an der Diskussion nicht teilnehmen - es gibt keine freie Zeit. Ich werde frei sein - unbedingt werde ich die Meinung aussprechen.

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